Asymptotically Optimal Encodings of Range Data Structures for Selection and
Roberto Grossi, John Iacono, Gonzalo Navarro, Rajeev Raman, and S. Rao Satti.
Given an array A[1,n] of elements with a total order, we consider
the problem of building a data structure that solves two queries:
(a) selection queries receive a range [i,j] and an integer
and return the position of the kth largest element in
(b) top-k queries receive [i,j] and k and return the
positions of the k largest elements in A[i,j]. These problems
can be solved in optimal time, O(1 + log k / log log n) and
respectively, using linear-space data structures.
We provide the first study of the encoding data structures for
the above problems, where A cannot be accessed at query time.
Several applications are interested in the relative order of the entries
of A, and their positions, rather their actual values, and thus we do not
need to keep A at query time. In those cases, encodings save storage
space: we first show that any encoding answering such queries
requires n lg k - O(n + k lg k) bits of space; then, we design
encodings using O(n log k) bits, that is, asymptotically optimal
up to constant factors, while preserving optimal query time.