Grammar Compressed Sequences with Rank/Select Support

Alberto Ordóñez, Gonzalo Navarro, and Nieves Brisaboa

Sequence representations supporting not only direct access to their symbols, but also rank/select operations, are a fundamental building block in many compressed data structures. Several recent applications need to represent highly repetitive sequences, and classical statistical compression proves ineffective. We introduce, instead, grammar-based representations for repetitive sequences, which use up to 6% of the space needed by statistically compressed representations, and support direct access and rank/select operations within tens of microseconds. We demonstrate the impact of our structures in text indexing applications.