A Grammar Compressor for Collections of Reads with Applications to the Construction of the BWT

Diego Díaz-Domínguez and Gonzalo Navarro

We describe a grammar for DNA sequencing reads from which we can compute the BWT directly. Our motivation is to perform in succinct space genomic analyses that require complex string queries not yet supported by repetition-based self-indexes. Our approach is to store the set of reads as a grammar, but when required, compute its BWT to carry out the analysis by using self-indexes. Our experiments in real data showed that the space reduction we achieve with our compressor is competitive with LZ-based methods and better than entropy-based approaches. Compared to other popular grammars, in this kind of data, we achieve, on average, 12% of extra compression and require less working space and time.